The sunflower was cultivated form common among the Indian tribes of North America and some cultures of Central America.Archaeological evidence suggests that the sunflower was grown from about 5,000 years ago, probably even before corn.
The plant was used in different ways by different cultures and tribes; seeds were ground into flour to make bread and dough;probably also consumed along with other grains such as corn;breaking the shell of the seed for the edible portion as is does to this day and there are some reports indicating that since that time, oil was extracted sunflower seed directly with some type of tool.
When the seed was discovered by Spanish explorers after his arrival in America, was brought to Europe and began to develop and some medicinal uses sunflower oil produced, quickly turning the sunflower seed in a very popular natural product.
Finally, in the early nineteenth century were the Russians who cultivated the plant in huge tracts of land and produced sunflower oil in large quantities for human consumption and developed a new type of seed producing more oil.
Sunflower oil Nutrition Facts :
Sunflower oil has applications in the cosmetics industry, the food industry and is also very popular among people who investigate the effects oils have on health, since oil is a type of sunflower oil healthy vegetable.
- Sunflower oil is a good source of vitamin E.
- Sunflower oil contains only small amounts of saturated fats.
- Sunflower oil can serve as a humectant, emollient, especially useful in the cosmetic industry.
- Polyunsaturated fatty acids found in abundant quantities in sunflower oil, benefit heart health.
Types of sunflower Oil seeds :
Three commercial types of sunflower oil: oil of high oleic, linoleic oil, and the average oil content. The difference between the three types of sunflower oil actually falls on the benefits offered to health and these are determined by their fatty acid profiles.
Sunflower oil with high oleic oil is 82% monounsaturated fat, polyunsaturated fat 9% and 9% saturated fat. Linoleic oil containing 20% of monounsaturated fat, 11% saturated fat and 69% of polyunsaturated fat. Sunflower oil has oleic average content of 65% monounsaturated, 26% polyunsaturated fat and 9% saturated fat.
The type of fat that may impair health is saturated fat; the other two types of fat are better and can even provide benefits for a healthy heart. However, none of the three types of sunflower oil has high content of saturated fat, and high in linoleic acid in any election, makes them excellent choices for good heart health, reducing the likelihood of disease such as hypertension or heart attacks, and reducing levels of harmful cholesterol.
The benefits of vitamin E
Sunflower oil is an excellent source of vitamin E. This oil contains more vitamin E than any other oil; a tablespoon of sunflower oil provides about 28% of the recommended daily intake. Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant to prevent cell damage and thus decrease the risk of developing cancer and reduce the effects of aging.
Sunflower oil and healthy skin :
Sunflower oil is easily absorbed by the skin and forms a protective layer that can aid in the prevention of infections and inflammation they produce, mainly in the skin of babies. Sunflower oil is also effective for acne and provides a healthy and supple skin for its ability to trap moisture.
Contraindications sunflower oil :
Sunflower oil ingested or rubbed on the skin usually causes no health risk, provided that adequate amounts are used. Some people may have allergic reactions to sunflower oil if you are sensitive to the plant family Asteraceae / Compositae, where chrysanthemums, marigolds and daisies are included.
For people with diabetes, eating large quantities of sunflower oil it can increase levels of blood sugar and fasting insulin levels. You can also increase blood fats after meals and increase the chances of developing atherosclerosis in people with type 2 diabetes.