Rice cereal is a must in every kitchen today can be purchased at very low prices, however during the middle ages this cereal was exclusive to royalty; the most expensive dishes in Europe were composed of the most succulent meat and a small portion of boiled rice, which was brought from Asia where it originated.
The origin of rice dates back to thousands of years ago, this cereal was cultivated in home fashion since 7000 years in southeast Asia, to 5000 years ago had spread its cultivation to five countries of the continent and was grown for commercialization in China , Thailand, Vietnam and Cambodia. It was not until 700 AD, when its cultivation spread to Europe, and a thousand years later came to America. The first American cultures settled in North Carolina, where there were very successful. Rice is as special as its origin;Asia is the most important and indispensable food gastronomy, until it is considered in China and Japan as an iconic food.
Rice fields are floating extensive plantations. To create a planting should dig some depth, make sure water completely fill the excavation without losing the level at any time. In this large natural pool in rice seed and begins to grow shoots in the form of a long, green grass; when it reaches maturity lengthened grazing results in a golden spike, this is where the little white rice seed known as born.
Rice is not only historical, versatile and delicious, it’s also an important nutritional supplement, rich in minerals and fiber.
Properties and Nutrition Facts of rice :
- One of the properties of rice is high in iron, which makes it ideal for anemic people and pregnant women food.
- The phosphorus content is another property of rice stimulates brain functions and its low sodium content helps the heart.
- Easily moisturizes, making it a food that provides a lot of water to the body.
- Rice has many carbohydrates especially when raw, therefore, one of the benefits of rice, raw or boiled, is that it provides an excellent source of energy for athletes and recommended for people suffering from exhaustion.
- This popular cereal has vitamins B3, B5 and B9, these vitamins allow proper absorption of protein and minerals.
Health Benefits of Rice :
The benefits of rice for the health of the body are several. Continuously consume will be reflected in the health and vitality of the person.
Rice is a food against malnutrition
One of the properties of the rice is the high amount of iron. Iron in the body of living beings carries oxygen and allows cellular respiration without the presence of important trace mineral, the cell dies, causing rapid wear of the organs and premature aging, it is also an essential component of hemoglobin. Without the presence of iron in the blood the person loses the defenses and not assimilate nutrients from food, it causes anemia, and in severe cases, leukemia. Rice, for their high iron content, is ideal for hungry people food. A serving of cooked rice provides enough to meet the requirement of iron a day. For pregnant women is a very important, plus it is very affordable food.
Energy Source :
Since rice is rich in carbohydrates, it acts as fuel for the body and helps in the normal functioning of the brain. Carbohydrates are essential to be metabolized by the body and converted into usable energy functional.
Vitamins, minerals, and various organic components increase the performance and metabolic activity of all organ systems, which further increases energy levels.
Free cholesterol :
Eating rice is extremely beneficial for our health, simply because they contain harmful fats and bad cholesterol . Any food that can provide nutrients without having any negative impact on health is positive.
Have low levels of fat , cholesterol and sodium also helps reduce obesity and health problems associated with being overweight. Rice is one of the most used and food eaten around the world, as you can keep people healthy and alive, even with small amounts.
Blood Pressure :
Rice is low in sodium , which is considered one of the best foods for people suffering from hypertension. Sodium can cause veins and arteries to constrict, increasing stress and strain on the cardiovascular system as it increases blood pressure.
This is also related to heart disease such as atherosclerosis, heart attacks and strokes, avoiding excess sodium is always a good thing.
Cancer Prevention :
The whole grain rice like brown rice is rich in insoluble fiber that can protect against several cancers . Many scientists and researchers believe that these insoluble fibers are vital for protecting the body against the development and metastasis of cancer cells.
In addition to fiber, rice also has natural antioxidants such as vitamin C, vitamin A, flavonoids and phenolic compounds. Increasing levels of natural antioxidants is a great idea, so the rice is a food more than adequate.
Skin Care :
Medical experts say that powdered rice can be applied by topically to treat certain skin diseases. In India, rice water is readily prescribed by doctors as an effective ointment to cool inflamed skin surfaces.
The phenolic compounds found in rice, particularly brown or wild rice, have anti-inflammatory properties , so they are also good to soothe irritation and redness.
Whether consumed or used topically, rice tend to alleviate a number of skin diseases. The antioxidant capacity also helps delay the appearance of wrinkles and other signs of premature aging that can affect the skin.
Brown rice is said to contain high levels of nutrients that stimulate the growth and activity of neurotransmitters, to help prevent Alzheimer’s disease to a considerable extent.
It has been shown that several species of wild rice neuroprotective stimulate brain enzymes thus inhibit the effects of free radicals and other harmful toxins that can cause dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.
Diuretic and digestive :
The husk part of rice is considered as an effective medicine to treat dysentery, and some people say that the shells of a rice plant three months old is said to have diuretic properties . The Chinese believe that rice considerably increases appetite, cures stomach ailments and reduces all digestive problems.
As a diuretic , rice husk can help you lose excess water, removing toxins from the body, such as uric acid, and even lose weight because about 4% of urine is actually made up of body fat ! The high fiber content also enhances intestinal regularity of movement and protection against various types of cancer as well as reducing the chances of disease cardiovascular .
Cardiovascular Health :
The rice bran oil having antioxidant properties that promote cardiovascular strength by reducing the levels of cholesterol in the body. We have already talked about the cardiovascular benefits of fiber, and low levels of fat and sodium.
The varieties of rice are much better than white rice in this category, since the bran is where much of the nutrients are. The shell is eliminated in the preparation of white rice.
Properties of rice :
For 100 g
- Calories 360 kcal
- Protein 6.61 g
- 0.58 g lipid
- Ash 0.58 g
- Carbohydrate 79.34g
Rice to care for the mind and heart
Rice is low in sodium, and that’s another benefit of rice. Sodium is one of the main enemies of hypertensive people. The cardiologists recommend reducing as much as possible the daily sodium intake; sometimes it is very difficult to give foods high in sodium because there is the idea that some of them are “the most delicious.” Fortunately rice is a low sodium food, rich in phosphorus and is also delicious. The low amount of sodium helps the heart to function smoothly, the high phosphorus stimulates brain functions and the presence of other minerals such as calcium helps build strong bones.
Rice is a food that gives energy
Rice provides a large amount of carbohydrates, one of the important properties of rice. Here are the main source of energy in the body, without them the body would not have the strength to carry out any of its functions, including breathing. Carbohydrate deficiency prevents a person to develop their daily activities. Consuming 100 g of boiled rice provides the carbohydrates needed for a day without sleep, or deficiencies; also does not contain fat, the person does not have the problem of gaining weight by consuming.