Acne Skin Disease (Acne Vulgaris)* and its prevention

Disease Name: Acne
Other Names :  * Acne vulgaris , * Grains
Definition : The acne is inflammation of the pilosebaceous glands of the skin that causes clogging of pores and occurrence of various skin lesions.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors :

Acne is common in teenagers, but it can occur in both sexes and at all ages.

There seems to be a familial tendency to develop acne. Usually begins at puberty and may continue over many years.

Three out of four teenagers have acne to some extent, probably caused by hormonal changes that stimulate the sebaceous glands produce fat. Other hormonal changes such as those occurring during menstruation or pregnancy, and those produced by the use of pills of birth control or stress also aggravate acne.

There are two clinical forms: a slight, called polymorphous juvenile acne and superficial acne or other more severe form, called cystic acne and acne conglobata or deep.

Acne occurs when the sebaceous glands, which produce fat and empty into the hair follicle itself, generate more secretion of the skin is able to remove by peeling, so that grease plugs produced in the follicles ( comedones ). When the stopper surface darkens called pimples . When breaking the cap can enter dead skin cells with accumulated grease and bacteria in the area are infected nodules called pustules .

If these infected areas of skin are deep, can expand to form cysts. A sebaceous cyst is formed when the sebaceous gland continues to produce fat. Instead of breaking the follicle wall, it continues to widen and form a hard lump (known as cyst ) under the skin. The cyst is usually not painful unless that becomes infected. Acne usually appears on the face and shoulders but can spread to the trunk, arms and legs.

Dirt does not cause acne, but the dirt and oil on the face can aggravate the problem. Other factors that increase the possibility of occurrence of acne are hormonal changes, exposure to extreme weather, stress, oily skin, endocrine disorders, certain tumors, and the use of certain medications (such as cortisone, testosterone, estrogen, and other ). Acne is not contagious. The tendency to have acne can persist for up to 30 or 40 years.

Prevention :

The tendency to have acne is inherited. Although it can not be prevented, proper hygiene can help reduce the effects.

Symptoms :

* Lesion or rash on the skin of the face, chest, neck, back, or other area.
* Comedones (or pimples).
* Pustules.
* Quistes.Pápulas.
* Nodules.
* Redness (erythema) of the skin around the lesions.
* Inflammation around eruptions.
* Embedding of the rash.
* Scars on the skin.

Signs and tests :

Acne diagnosis is based on the appearance of the skin. Normally no test is required.

Apply home treatment and call your doctor if signs of complications or if the acne is getting progressively worse.

Make an appointment with your doctor if new symptoms develop, including painful or large cysts.

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