Possibly the cucumber is native to India, do not have a certainty of it. What is a fact is that the cucumber has been cultivated since about 3000 years ago in West Asia. It was probably brought to Europe by the Romans. Today, the cucumber plant is one of the most cultivated in the world, competes with tomato plants, onions and cabbage.
The Romans did not just cultivated cucumber, made sure that could grow in greenhouses for the Emperor Tiberius always had cucumbers on a whim when it was not the growing season. It is believed that cucumbers consumed daily. In Egypt, Cleopatra was the one who benefited from the properties of cucumber;believed he knew how to benefit from the properties of cucumber to achieve beauty.
The scientific name of cucumber is Cucumis sativus, belongs to the family Cucurbitaceae, where melons, watermelons and pumpkins are included. So, according to the botanical, since fruit is the part of the plant that develops from a flower, and is also the part of the plant with seeds, cucumber is not a vegetable or vegetable as commonly believed, is actually a fruit.
A plant are considered as the other parts of the plant, which may include stems, leaves and roots.But for practical or culinary terms, it is common to call the cucumber plant since it has the characteristics of a plant, it is not sweet and has the color of most plants.
Nutrition Facts of Cucumber :
The nutritional value of a cucumber can be beneficial to overall health. Cucumber can be enjoyed raw and can be accompanied by various vegetables to make a delicious salad. A cucumber is composed largely of water, but that does not stop having vitamins and minerals beneficial to the body.
- Cucumber contains a variety of phytonutrients that can be used by the human body.
- Cucumber contains flavonoids such as quercetin, apigenin, luteolin, and kaempferol.
- It is an excellent source of vitamin K, which serves as anti-inflammatory and anti-hemorrhagic.
- Among the properties of cucumber vitamin C is a superior antioxidant.
- The benefits of cucumber are not neglecting the health of the heart, with minerals like potassium and magnesium, the cardiovascular system is benefited.
- Manganese in cucumber helps build bones.
- Cucumber also contains silica, a very useful for mineral healthy nails, bones and various body tissues.
Cucumber Health Benefits for Skin
Cucumber peel contains a significant amount of beneficial health properties. It is in the shell where the highest concentration of caffeic acid and ascorbic acid. Particularly, ascorbic acid is a good source of vitamin C, and both this and caffeic acid can help maintain healthy skin, relieving irritation and reducing inflammation. It is for this reason that the cucumber is applied directly to the skin if irritation or swelling, helping to combat diseases such as psoriasis and eczema. To consume cucumber shell, a cheese grater can be used to scratch the skin finely and add to a salad; or may be placed in a blender with a little water until a thick substance is obtained and it can be added to a lemon water.
The properties of the silica to the health of the tissues
Silica is one of the components that offer various health benefits. This mineral has a great ability to strengthen connective tissues. Connective tissues are muscles, cartilage, tendons, ligaments and bones. In addition, the silica can help greatly to have healthy skin, it is very common to find that silica is one of the leading dermatological active agents for the treatment of acne creams and other skin diseases.
Cucumber for heart health and digestion
Cucumber contains significant amounts of potassium, magnesium, and fiber in the shell. The fiber and water cucumber are excellent for proper digestion. In addition, some studies have indicated that foods with high amounts of magnesium, potassium and fiber help reduce blood pressure.
Cucumbers are very healthy and have few health risks. Cucumbers contain a compound called cucurbitacin, in some people this compound can cause indigestion and stomach gas. Some individuals also have allergies to certain compounds of cucumber, the symptoms are usually swelling in the mouth, throat and tongue.
Excessive consumption may cause dehydration cucumbers because it has diuretic properties, however, is a very unlikely event since the amount eaten cucumber would need would be excessive.